Foods A-Z: Flour

Flour is a powder that is made from grain. It is used in baking and cooking to make dough that can be eaten.

Flour can be made by grinding grains like wheat, corn, or rice to produce a fine powder. Flour is usually made with some type of flour milling machine. There are many different types of flour depending on what type of grain it comes from.

What are the culinary uses of flour?

Flour is a binder of other ingredients. It is also the most common ingredient in baked goods, so it’s important to know what are the culinary uses of flour.

There are many uses of flour that are not related to baking, such as using it as a thickener or creating a roux. Flour sometimes gets cooked with butter, milk, and/or vegetables for sauces and gravies.

Types of Flour:

  • All-Purpose Flour
  • Whole Wheat Flour
  • Pastry Flour
  • Cake Flour
  • Bread Flour
  • Self-Rising Flour
  • Gluten-Free Flour
  • Nut Flour
  • Sprouted Flour
  • Enriched Flour
  • Bleached Flour


Flour Substitutes:

There are many situations where you might need a substitute for a specific flour variety or brand. We’ve covered dozens of them to help you find a suitable replacement.

What Are the Health Benefits of Flour?

Flour is high in vitamins, fibre, and complex carbohydrates. Some varieties of flour are also high in protein. Not all flours are equal when it comes to health benefits with some flours e.g. white flour having less nutritional value than other varieties.

Some of the healthiest flours include coconut flour, almond flour, and quinoa flour.